List of Projects under BRI in Bangladesh

  1. Akhaura-Sylhet Rail Line Expansion Project, Comilla
  2. Bangabandhu Karnaphuli River Tunnel, Anwara, Chittagong
  3. Banshkhali 1224 MW (SSPL) Coal Power Plant, Banshkhali, Chittagong
  4. Barapukuria 275 MW Coal Power Plant (Unit-3)
  5. Barisal 350 MW (BEPCL) Coal Power Plant, Taltoli, Barguna
  6. Barisal-Bhola (Tentulia-Kalabadar) Bridge
  7. Barisal-Kuakata Highway
  8. China-Bangladesh International Exhibition Centre, Gazipur
  9. Chinese Economic & Industrial Zone (CEIZ), Anwara, Chittagong
  10. Dasherkandi Sewerage Treatment Plant, Dhaka
  11. Dhaka-Chittagong High Speed Railway Project
  12. Dhaka East-West Elevated Expressway, Dhaka
  13. Dhaka-Sylhet-Tamabil Highway Project
  14. Eighth China-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge (Kacha River), Bhekutia, Pirojpur
  15. Expansion of Strengthening of Power System Network under DPDC Area
  16. Joydebpur-Iswardi Rail Line Expansion Project, Gazipur
  17. Kodda 150 MW Dual Fuel Power Plant, Gazipur
  18. Maheshkhali SPM & Oil Storage, Cox's Bazar
  19. Modernization of Telecommunication Network for Digital Connectivity
  20. National ICT Infrastructure Network
  21. Ninth China-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge
  22. Padma Multipurpose Bridge, Munshiganj
  23. Padma Bridge Rail Link project, Munshiganj
  24. Patuakhali 1320 MW (RNPL) Coal Power Plant, Kalapara, Patuakhali
  25. Payra 1320 MW (BCPCL) Coal Power Plant, Kalapara, Patuakhali
  26. Payra Sea Port (2 Components)
  27. Saidpur 150 MW HSD Based Power Plant, Saidpur, Nilphamari
  28. Seventh China-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge (Arial Khan River), Kazirtek, Madaripur
  29. Shikalbaha 150 MW Peaking Power Plant, Chittagong
  30. Sirajganj 225 MW (NWPGCL) Power Plant (Unit-3), Sirajganj
  31. Sixth China-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge (Dhaleswari River), Muktarpur, Munshiganj
  32. Teesta River Comprehensive Management and Restoration Project
  33. Tier IV National Data Center Project (4TDC), Gazipur

Resources on Geothermal Power in Bangladesh

  1. Hossain, M.H. (2019). "Geothermal Energy and the Prospect of Bangladesh". DAffodil University, Dhaka: 25 April 2019. Retrieved from http://dspace.daffodilvarsity.edu.bd:8080/handle/123456789/4296
  2. Asif Bin Karim, A.B., Avro, S.S. & Shahriar, S. (2018). Prospect of Geothermal Energy Resources in Bangladesh. International Journal of Renewable Energy Resources 8 (2018), 22-28. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330114996_PROSPECT_OF_GEOTHERMAL_ENERGY_RESOURCES_IN_BANGLADESH
  3. Das, Vivekananda (2017). "A Study on the Prospect of Geothermal Energy in Bangladesh". Global Journal of Researches in Engineering: Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Global Journals Inc., USA. Vol. 17, Issue 1, 2017. Retrieved from https://globaljournals.org/GJRE_Volume17/5-A-Study-on-the-Prospect.pdf 
  4. Khan, K., Ahmed, M., Parvez, M.S. and Hossain, M.M. (2015). Scope of Geothermal Potential of Bangladesh: A Review. Mymensingh Engineering College, Mymensingh: September 2015. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303590862_Scope_of_Geothermal_Potential_of_Bangladesh_A_Review
  5. Akanda, M.A.M. & Hoque, A.K.M.E. (2015). "Blessings of geothermal energy over renewable energies and its future prospects". International Conference on Materials, Electronics & Information Engineering (ICMEIE-2015), 05-06 June 2015, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Retrieved from http://dept.ru.ac.bd/ic4me2/2015/proceedings/pdfs/82.pdf 
  6. Monne, M.A. and Alam, K.S. (2015). Roadmap to Geothermal Energy: An Assessment of the Geothermal Potential of Bangladesh. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Vol. 6, No. 2: February 2015 retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313917944_Roadmap_to_Geothermal_Energy_An_Assessment_of_the_Geothermal_Potential_of_Bangladesh 
  7. Renewables Now (2011). Anglo MGH Energy proposes 200 MW geothermal plant in Bangladesh - Report. Renewablesnow.com: 8 March 2011. Retrieved from https://renewablesnow.com/news/anglo-mgh-energy-proposes-200-mw-geothermal-plant-in-bangladesh-report-16939/ 
  8. Akbar M.A. (2011). An Assessment of the Geothermal Potential in Bangladesh. United Nations University, Reykjavik: Report 5/2011. Retrieved from https://orkustofnun.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2011-05.pdf accessed on 11 May 2020
  9. Tordesillas, Cesar (2011). "Bangladesh's first geothermal plant now in the works". Asian Power, Manila: 9 March 2011. Retrieved from https://asian-power.com/project/news/bangladeshs-first-geothermal-plant-now-in-works#:~:text=A%20private%20company%20plans%20to,plant%20with%20a%20200MW%20capacity.&text=The%20Dhaka%2Dbased%20company%20plans,at%20least%2012%20degree%20Celsius
  10. Richter, Alexander (2011). "A private firm is exploring the option of building a 200MW geothermal power plant in the district of Thakurgaon in Bangladesh". Think GeoEnergy, Reykjavik: 8 March 2011. Retrieved from https://www.thinkgeoenergy.com/private-company-exploring-200mw-project-in-bangladesh/
  11. Power Engineering (2011). "Anglo MGH Energy plans to set up Bangladesh’s first geothermal power plant". Power Engineering, Orlando: 7 March 2011. Retrieved from https://www.power-eng.com/2011/03/07/anglo-mgh-energy-plans/#gref 
  12. Guha, D.K., Henkel, H. & Imam, B. (2010). "Geothermal Potential in Bangladesh - Results from Investigations of Abandoned Deep Wells". Proceedings of World Geothermal Congress 2010, Bali, Indonesia: 25-29 April 2010. Retrieved from https://www.geothermal-energy.org/pdf/IGAstandard/WGC/2010/0172.pdf 

List of Chinese SOEs under SASAC (State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council)

There are 96 State-owned Enterprises (SOE) under State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC) now. But 94 SOEs found from the SASAC website. The Enterprises are given bellow:
  1. Aero Engine Corporation of China
  2. Aluminum Corporation of China
  3. Ansteel Group
  4. Aviation Industry Corporation of China Limited
  5. BGRIMM Technology Group
  6. China Academy of Building Research
  7. China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology Group Company Limited
  8. China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Limited
  9. China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
  10. China Aviation Supplies Holding Company
  11. China Baowu Steel Group Corporation
  12. China Chengtong Holdings Group Company Limited
  13. China Coal Technology & Engineering Group
  14. China Communications Construction Company Limited
  15. China Construction Technology Consulting Company Limited
  16. China COSCO Shipping Corporation Limited
  17. China Datang Corporation
  18. China Eastern Air Holding Company
  19. China Electronic Technology Group Corporation
  20. China Electronics Corporation
  21. China Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Group
  22. China Energy Corporation
  23. China Energy Engineering Group Company Limited (Energy China)
    • Electric Power Planning & Engineering Institute Company Limited
    • CEEG Asset Management Company Limited
    • China Energy Engineering Corporation Limited (CEEC)
      • China Gezhouba Group Corporation Limited (China Gezhouba Group Company Limited)
      • China Power Construction Engineering Consulting Company Limited
      • CEEG Equipment Company Limited
      • CEEG Finance Company Limited
      • CEEG Financing Leasing Company Limited
      • CEEG International Company Limited
      • CEEG Investment Company Limited
      • CEEG Northern Construction & Investment Company Limited
      • CEEG Eastern Construction & Investment Company Limited
      • CEEG Southern Construction & Investment Company Limited
      • CEEG Northwest Construction & Investment Company Limited
      • CEEG Planning & Engineering Company Limited
      • CEEG Science & Technology Development Company Limited
  24. China FAW Group Company Limited
  25. China First Heavy Industries
  26. China Forestry Group Corporation
  27. China General Nuclear Power Corporation
  28. China General Technology (Group) Holding Company Limited
  29. China Grain Reserve Corporation
  30. China Huadian Corporation Limited (CHDC)
    • China Huadian Hong Kong Company Limited (CHDHK)
  31. China Hualu Group Company Limited
  32. China Huaneng Group
  33. China Information and Communication Technologies Group Corporation (CICT)
  34. China International Engineering Consulting Corporation
  35. China International Intellectech Company Limited
  36. China Iron & Steel Research Institute Group
  37. China Merchants Group
  38. China Metallurgical Geology Bureau
  39. China Minmetals Corporation
  40. China Mobile Communications Group Company Limited
  41. China National Administration of Coal Geology
  42. China National Agricultural Development Group Company Limited
  43. China National Aviation Fuel Group Limited
  44. China National Aviation Holding Company
  45. China National Building Materials Group Company Limited
  46. China National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs Corporation
  47. China National Chemical Corporation
  48. China National Chemical Engineering Group Corporation
  49. China National Coal Group Corporation
  50. China National Gold Group Company Limited
  51. China National Machinery Industry Corporation Limited
  52. China National Nuclear Corporation
  53. China National Offshore Oil Corporation
  54. China National Petroleum Corporation
  55. China National Salt Industry Corporation
  56. China National Travel Service (Hong Kong) Group Corporation
  57. China Nonferrous Metal Mining (Group) Company Limited
  58. China North Industries Group Corporation Limited (Norinco Group)
  59. China Petrochemical Corporation
  60. China Poly Group Corporation
  61. China Railway Construction Corporation Limited
  62. China Railway Group Limited
  63. China Railway Materials Company Limited
  64. China Railway Signal & Communication (Group) Corporation Limited
  65. China Reform Holdings Corporation Limited
  66. China Resources (Holdings) Company Limited
  67. China Silk Corporation
  68. China South Industries Group Corporation
  69. China Southern Air Holding Company
  70. China Southern Power Grid
  71. China State Construction Engineering Corporation
  72. China Telecommunications Corporation
  73. China Three Gorges Corporation
  74. China TravelSky Holding Company Limited
  75. China United Network Communications Group Company Limited
  76. China XD Group
  77. Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China Limited
  78. CRRC Corporation Limited
  79. Dongfang Electric Corporation
  80. Dongfeng Motor Corporation
  81. General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals Group Company Limited
  82. Harbin Electric Corporation
  83. Nam Kwong (Group) Company Limited
  84. Nokia Bell Company Limited
  85. Overseas Chinese City Group
  86. Potevio Company Limited
  87. Power Construction Corporation of China (PowerChina)
  88. Sinochem Group
  89. Sinopharm Group
  90. Sinosteel Corporation
  91. State Development & Investment Corp Limited
  92. State Grid Corporation of China
  93. State Power Investment Corporation Limited
  94. Xinxing Cathay International Group Company Limited
Source
  1. SASAC (2020). "Directory". State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC), Beijing: Undated. Retrieved from http://en.sasac.gov.cn/directorynames.html accessed on 9 November 2020

List of Coal Power Plants in Bangladesh

Planned Coal Power Plants under Revised PSMP 2016 (1)

-----------------------------------------------------
  1. Adani Godda (Jharkhand) Coal Power Plant: Godda, Jharkhand: 1600 (1496) MW: June 2022
  2. Banshkhali S. Alam Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Gondamara, Banshkhali, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 660 (612) MW: December 2020
  3. Banshkhali S. Alam Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Gondamara, Banshkhali, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 660 (612) MW: December 2020
  4. Barapukuria Coal Power Plant (Unit III): Parbatipur, Dinajpur, Rangpur Division: 274 (252) MW: June 2018
  5. Barisal BEPCL Coal Power Plant: Taltoli, Barguna, Barisal Division: 350 (307) MW: December 2021
  6. CPGCBL-Sumitomo Coal Power Plant: Matarbari, Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2026
  7. Dhaka (Gazaria) Orion Coal Power Plant: Gazaria, Munshiganj, Dhaka Division: 700 (635) MW: December 2022 (2)
  8. Dighipara NWPGCL Coal Power Plant: Nawabganj, Dinajpur, Rangpur Division: 1000 (920) MW: December 2032
  9. Gazaria RPCL Coal Power Plant: Gazaria, Munshiganj, Dhaka Division: 435 (400) MW: December 2021
  10. Kohelia (CPGCBL-Sembcorp) Power Plant (Phase-I): Matarbari, Maheskhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 700 (650) MW: December 2023
  11. Kohelia (CPGCBL-Sembcorp) Power Plant (Phase-II): Matarbari, Maheskhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 700 (650) MW: December 2032
  12. Maheshkhali BPDB Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1000 (920) MW: December 2036
  13. Maheshkhali BPDB Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1000 (920) MW: December 2038
  14. Maheshkhali BPDB-CHDHK Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2027
  15. Maheshkhali BPDB-KEPCO Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2029
  16. Maheshkhali BPDB-PCC Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2024
  17. Maheshkhali BPDB-SEPCO Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2028
  18. Maheshkhali BPDB-TNB Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2027
  19. Maheshkhali BR PowerGen Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2026
  20. Maowa Orion Coal Power Plant: Louhajang, Munshiganj, Dhaka Division: 600 (570) MW: June 2022 (3)
  21. Matarbari CPGCBL Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Matarbari, Maheskhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2023
  22. Matarbari CPGCBL Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Matarbari, Maheskhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2028
  23. Munshiganj EGCBL Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Gazaria, Munshiganj, Chittagong Division: 435 (400) MW: December 2026
  24. Munshiganj EGCBL Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Gazaria, Munshiganj, Chittagong Division: 435 (400) MW: December 2029
  25. North-Bengal APSCL Gaibandha Power Plant: Gaibandha, Rangpur Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2031
  26. Patuakhali APSCL Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Kalapara, Patuakhali, Barisal Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2024
  27. Patuakhali APSCL Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Kalapara, Patuakhali, Barisal Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2030
  28. Patuakhali RNPL Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Kalapara, Patuakhali, Barisal Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2024
  29. Patuakhali RNPL Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Kalapara, Patuakhali, Barisal Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2031
  30. Payra BCPCL Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Kalapara, Patuakhali, Barisal Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2019
  31. Payra BCPCL Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Kalapara, Patuakhali, Barisal Division: 1320 (1214) MW: December 2023
  32. Pekua EGCBL-Mitsui Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2025
  33. Pekua EGCBL-Mitsui Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar: Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2030
  34. Rampal BIFPCL Coal Power Plant: Rampal, Bagerhat, Khulna Division: 1320 (1214) MW: March 2021

Unsolicited Coal Power Plants Proposed by Private Companies

-----------------------------------------------------
  1. Banshkhali Beximco 660 MW Coal Power Plant: Banshkhali, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 660 (607) MW (4)
  2. Barisal BEPCL 350 MW Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Taltoli, Barguna, Barisal Division: 350 (307) MW (5)
  3. Boalkhali Beximco Coal Power Plant: Boalkhali, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 660 (600) MW (6)
  4. Chittagong Orion 300 MW Coal Power Plant: Anowara, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 300 (270) MW
  5. Daudkandi (Meghna Group) Coal Power Plant: Daudkandi, Comilla, Chittagong Division: 1320 (1214) MW (7)
  6. Khulna South Orion Coal Power Plant: Mongla, Bagerhat, Khulna Division: 660 (600) MW
  7. Mirsarai BSRM 300 MW Coal Power Plant: Mirsarai, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 300 (270) MW
  8. Mirsarai ZJHG 1200 MW Coal Power Plant: Mirsarai, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1120) MW
  9. Payra SKS 1320 MW Coal Power Plant: Kalapara, Patuakhali, Barisal Division: 1320 (1214) MW
  10. Phulbari GCM-CGGC 2000 MW Coal Power Plant: Phulbari, Dinajpur, Rangpur Division: 2000 (1840) MW
  11. Phulbari GCM-PCC 2000 MW Coal Power Plant: Phulbari, Dinajpur, Rangpur Division: 2000 (1840) MW
  12. Phulbari GCM-Sinohydro 2000 MW Power Plant: Phulbari, Dinajpur, Rangpur Division: 2000 (1840) MW

Cancelled/Shelved Coal Power Plants

-----------------------------------------------------
  1. Banshkhali Beximco 660 MW Coal Power Plant: Banshkhali, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 660 (607) MW
  2. Boalkhali Beximco Coal Power Plant: Boalkhali, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 660 (600) MW
  3. Chittagong Orion 300 MW Coal Power Plant: Anowara, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 300 (270) MW (8)
  4. Gazaria RPCL Coal Power Plant: Gazaria, Munshiganj, Dhaka Division: 435 (400) MW (9)
  5. Khulna South Orion Coal Power Plant: Mongla, Bagerhat, Khulna Division: 660 (600) MW
  6. Maheshkhali BPDB-KEPCO Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW (10), (11)
  7. Maheshkhali BPDB-TNB Coal Power Plant: Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW (12)
  8. Maowa Orion Coal Power Plant: Louhajang, Munshiganj, Dhaka Division: 600 (570) MW: June 2022
  9. Mirsarai BSRM 300 MW Coal Power Plant: Mirsarai, Chittagong, Chittagong Division: 300 (270) MW
  10. Munshiganj EGCBL Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Gazaria, Munshiganj, Chittagong Division: 435 (400) MW: December 2026
  11. Munshiganj EGCBL Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Gazaria, Munshiganj, Chittagong Division: 435 (400) MW: December 2029
  12. Pekua EGCBL-Mitsui Coal Power Plant (Phase-I): Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2025 (13)
  13. Pekua EGCBL-Mitsui Coal Power Plant (Phase-II): Maheshkhali, Cox's Bazar: Chittagong Division: 1200 (1104) MW: December 2030 (14)

Information Sources

-----------------------------------------------------
  1. Power Division (2018). Revisiting PSMP 2016. Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources (MOPEMR), Dhaka: November 2018. Attachment-2. Retrieved from https://powerdivision.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/powerdivision.portal.gov.bd/page/4f81bf4d_1180_4c53_b27c_8fa0eb11e2c1/Revisiting%20PSMP2016%20%28full%20report%29_signed.pdf accessed on 7 October 2017
  2. Daily Star (2014). "Orion Power starts with its own funds". The Daily Star, Dhaka: 22 March 2014. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/orion-power-starts-with-own-funds-16691 accessed on 6 April 2019
  3. Daily Star (2012). "Orion to build 3 power plants: Deal signed with PDB to generate 1,200MW power". The Daily Star, Dhaka: 28 June 2012. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-240108 accessed on 6 April 2017
  4. Daily Star (2016). "Beximco, Meghna tie up with Chinese investors for power". Daily Star, Dhaka: 18 October 2016. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/business/beximco-meghna-tie-chinese-investors-power-1300171 accessed on 13 January 2017
  5. ITG (Undated). ISO Tech Electrification Company Ltd. ISO Tech Group (ITG), Dhaka: Undated. Retrieved from https://www.isotechgrp.com/ITECL.html accessed on 13 January 2019
  6. Daily Star (2016). "Beximco, Meghna tie up with Chinese investors for power". Daily Star, Dhaka: 18 October 2016. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/business/beximco-meghna-tie-chinese-investors-power-1300171 accessed on 13 January 2017
  7.  Daily Star (2016). "Beximco, Meghna tie up with Chinese investors for power". Daily Star, Dhaka: 18 October 2016. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/business/beximco-meghna-tie-chinese-investors-power-1300171 accessed on 13 January 2017
  8. Dhaka Tribune (2015). "Govt’s coal power miracle on the rocks". Daily Dhaka Tribune, Dhaka: 15 October 2015. Retrieved from https://www.dhakatribune.com/uncategorized/2015/10/15/govts-coal-power-miracle-on-the-rocks accessed on 3 February 2017
  9. Financial Express (2020). Chinese loans: Govt to drop coal plant project. The Financial Express, Dhaka: 22 March 2020. Retrieved from https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/trade/chinese-loans-govt-to-drop-coal-plant-project-1584684501 accessed on 13 April 2020
  10. Jahangir, Shamim (2020). "Delay in Projects: Govt to scrap power deals with Malaysian, S Korean firms". The Daily Sun, Dhaka: 21 January 2020. Retrieved from https://www.daily-sun.com/printversion/details/455688/Govt-to-scrap-power-deals-with-Malaysian-S-Korean-firms- accessed on 22 January 2020
  11. Energy & Power (2019). "Dream Islands". Energy & Power, Dhaka: 19 April 2019. Retrieved from https://ep-bd.com/view/details/article/MzM4Nw%3D%3D/title?q=Dream+Islands accessed on 20 April 2019 
  12. Jahangir, Shamim (2020). "Delay in Projects: Govt to scrap power deals with Malaysian, S Korean firms". The Daily Sun, Dhaka: 21 January 2020. Retrieved from https://www.daily-sun.com/printversion/details/455688/Govt-to-scrap-power-deals-with-Malaysian-S-Korean-firms- accessed on 22 January 2020
  13. Jago News (2019). কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র নির্মাণ থেকে সরল সরকার. Jagonews24.com, Dhaka: 25 October 2019. Retrieved from https://www.jagonews24.com/special-reports/news/535275 accessed on 18 November 2019
  14. Jago News (2019). কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র নির্মাণ থেকে সরল সরকার. Jagonews24.com, Dhaka: 25 October 2019. Retrieved from https://www.jagonews24.com/special-reports/news/535275 accessed on 18 November 2019

Appeal to Cancel Planned Coal-fired Power Plants

তারিখ : ২২ অক্টোবর ২০২০ 

বরাবর
জনাব নসরুল হামিদ, এমপি
মাননীয় প্রতিমন্ত্রী
বিদ্যুৎ, জ্বালানি ও খনিজসম্পদ মন্ত্রণালয়
ভবন-৬, বাংলাদেশ সচিবালয়
১ আব্দুল গনি রোড, ঢাকা ১০০০, বাংলাদেশ

কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র বন্ধ করার আহ্বান

মহোদয়
জাতীয় ও আন্তর্জাতিক পরিবেশ ও জলবায়ু বিষয়ক সংগঠন ও কর্মীদের পক্ষ থেকে আন্তরিক শুভেচ্ছা গ্রহণ করুন।

আপনি জানেন যে, জলবায়ু পরিবর্তনের কারণে বিপদাপন্ন দেশগুলোর মধ্যে বাংলাদেশ অন্যতম। জাতিসংঘ ও বিজ্ঞানীগণ এ বিষয়ে একমত যে, গ্রিনহাউজ গ্যাস নির্গমন শূন্যের কোঠায় নামিয়ে আনার মাধ্যমেই কেবলমাত্র এ দুর্যোগ থেকে বর্তমান ও ভবিষ্যৎ প্রজন্মকে রক্ষা করা যেতে পারে। অক্সফোর্ড বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের সাম্প্রতিক গবেষণাপত্র অনুসারে, আর কোনো জীবাশ্ম জ্বালানিভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র নির্মাণ করলে পৃথিবীর তাপমাত্রা বৃদ্ধি ১.৫-২.০ ডিগ্রি সেলসিয়াসের মধ্যে রাখা যাবে না। আপনি আরো অবগত আছেন যে, আগামী ২০৫০ সালের মধ্যে বিদ্যুৎ ও জ্বালানি খাতের নির্গমন শূন্যে নামিয়ে আনতে ওই সময়ের আগেই জীবাশ্ম জ্বালানিভিত্তিক সব বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র বন্ধ করে ১০০% নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানি ব্যবহার নিশ্চিত করা দরকার। জলবায়ু পরিবর্তনের ঝুঁকি মোকাবেলায় বরাবরের মতো নেতৃত্ব দেয়ার জন্যই দ্রুত ও কার্যকর উদ্যোগ নেয়ার কাজটি বাংলাদেশকে করতে হবে।

একই সঙ্গে আপনার দৃষ্টি আকর্ষণ করছি যে, যেসব কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র পরিবেশগত ঝুঁকিপূর্ণ এলাকায় নির্মাণের প্রস্তাবনা দেয়া হয়েছে অথবা চুক্তির সময়সীমা অতিক্রম করেছে সেসব বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র নির্মাণের অনুমোদন বাতিল করা অত্যন্ত জরুরি। এসব বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্রের অধিকাংশই ২০২৫ সালের মধ্যে নির্মাণ করা সম্ভব হবে না। ফলে ২০৫০ সালে শূন্য নির্গমনের লক্ষ্য অর্জনও অধরা রয়ে যাবে। বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্রগুলোর মধ্যে অন্যতম হলো :
  1. বরিশাল (আইসোটেক) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, তালতলী, বরগুনা
  2. সিপিজিসিবিএল-সুমিতোমো কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  3. গজারিয়া (আরসিপিএল) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, গজারিয়া, মুন্সীগঞ্জ
  4. মাতারবাড়ী (সিপিজিসিবিএল) কয়লভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-২), মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  5. মাতারবাড়ী-কোহেলিয়া (সিপিজিসিবিএল-সেম্বকর্প) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-১), মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  6. মাতারবাড়ী-কোহেলিয়া (সিপিজিসিবিএল-সেম্বকর্প) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-২), মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  7. মহেশখালী (বিপিডিবি) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-১), মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  8. মহেশখালী (বিপিডিবি) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-২), মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  9. মহেশখালী (বিপিডিবি-চায়না হুয়াডিয়ান) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  10. মহেশখালী (বিপিডিবি-কেপকো) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  11. মহেশখালী (বিপিডিবি-পাওয়ার চায়না) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  12. মহেশখালী (বিপিডিবি-সেপকো) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  13. মহেশখালী (বিপিডিবি-টিএনবি) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  14. মহেশখালী (বিআর-পাওয়ারজেন) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মহেশখালী, কক্সবাজার
  15. মীরসরাই (ঝেজিয়াং-জিনদুন) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, মীরসরাই, চট্টগ্রাম
  16. নর্থ বেঙ্গল-গাইবান্ধা (আশুগঞ্জ) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, গাইবান্ধা
  17. ওরিয়ন (গজারিয়া-ঢাকা) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, গজারিয়া, মুন্সীগঞ্জ
  18. ওরিয়ন মাওয়া কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, লৌহজং, মুন্সীগঞ্জ
  19. পটুয়াখালী (আশুগঞ্জ) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-১), কলাপাড়া, পটুয়াখালী
  20. পটুয়াখালী (আশুগঞ্জ) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-২), কলাপাড়া, পটুয়াখালী
  21. পটুয়াখালী (আরপিসিএল) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-১), কলাপাড়া, পটুয়াখালী
  22. পটুয়াখালী (আরপিসিএল) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-২), কলাপাড়া, পটুয়াখালী
  23. পটুয়াখালী-পায়রা (নর্থওয়েস্ট) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-২), কলাপাড়া, পটুয়াখালী
  24. পায়রা (সেনাকল্যাণ সংস্থা) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, কলাপাড়া, পটুয়াখালী
  25. ফুলবাড়ী (জিসিএম রিসোর্সেস) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র, ফুলবাড়ী, দিনাজপুর

আমরা সংবাদপত্রের মাধ্যমে জানতে পেরেছি যে, বিদ্যুৎ বিভাগের পক্ষ থেকে ১৩টি কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র নির্মাণের প্রস্তাব বাতিলের জন্য আপনার মাধ্যমে মাননীয় প্রধানমন্ত্রীর নিকট প্রস্তাব পাঠানোর উদ্যোগ গ্রহণ করা হয়েছে। উক্ত উদ্যোগকে স্বাগত জানিয়ে ঝুঁকিপূর্ণ পরিবেশ-প্রতিবেশ ও জনগণের জীবন-জীবিকার উপর মারাত্মক নেতিবাচক প্রভাব ফেলার কারণে আমরা নির্মাণাধীন বাঁশখালী (এস. আলম) কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (১ ও ২), বরিশাল কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র (পর্যায়-২), মাতারবাড়ী কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র ও রামপাল কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্র নির্মাণ বন্ধ এবং আদানি গড্ডা কয়লাভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্রের সঙ্গে সম্পাদিত চুক্তি বাতিল করে দ্রুতগতিতে সৌরভিত্তিক বিদ্যুৎকেন্দ্রসহ নবায়নযোগ্য জ্বালানিতে রূপান্তরের নির্মাণের দাবি জানাচ্ছি।

আপনার সর্বাঙ্গীন মঙ্গল, সুস্বাস্থ্য ও ইতিবাচক উদ্যোগ কামনায় -

হাসান মেহেদী
সদস্য সচিব, বাংলাদেশের বৈদেশিক দেনা বিষয়ক কর্মজোট

অনুস্বাক্ষরকারী সংগঠনসমূহ
  1. Bangladesh Working Group on External Debt), Bangladesh
  2. Aamra Ek Sachetan Prayas Forum, India
  3. Aksi for Gender, Social and Ecological Justice (Aksi!), Indonesia
  4. Asian Peoples Movement on Debt and Development (APMDD), Regional
  5. Bangladesh Building and Wood Workers Federation (BBWWF), Bangladesh
  6. Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA), Bangladesh
  7. Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development (CEED), Philippines
  8. Center for Environment and Participatory Research (CEPR), Bangladesh
  9. Centre for Environmental Justice (CEJ), Sri Lanka
  10. Centre for Human Rights and Development (CHRD), Mongolia
  11. Change Initiative, Bangladesh
  12. CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network), Bangladesh
  13. Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA), Regional
  14. Environics Trust, India
  15. Extinction Rebellion, Melbourne, Australia
  16. Food First Information and Action Network (FIAN), Sri Lanka
  17. Freedom from Debt Coalition (FDC), Philippines
  18. Friends Against Adani Group, Australia
  19. Friends of the Earth (FOE), Philippines
  20. Friends of the Earth (FOE), United States
  21. Fundacja Rozwój TAK - Odkrywki NIE, Poland
  22. Gender Action, United States
  23. Gothon, Bangladesh
  24. Green South Foundation (GSF), Thailand
  25. Growthwatch, India
  26. INSAF (Indian Social Action Forum), India
  27. International Accountability Project (IAP), USA 
  28. Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center (LNRC), Philippines
  29. Mangrove Action Project, (MAP), USA
  30. Mongla Civil Society, Bangladesh
  31. NGO Forum on ADB (Regional)
  32. Oil Change International, United States
  33. Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum (PFF), Pakistan
  34. Participatory Research Action Network (PRAN), Bangladesh
  35. Pashur River Waterkeeper, Bangladesh
  36. People of Asia for Climate Solutions (PACS), Philippines
  37. Progoti (Peoples Research on Grassroots Ownership and Traditional Initiative), Bangladesh
  38. Rivers without Boundaries (RWB), International
  39. Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN), Nepal
  40. Safety and Rights Society (SRS), Bangladesh
  41. Sri Lanka Nature Group (SLNG), Sri Lanka
  42. Stop Adani Melbourne, Australia
  43. Stop Adani Moreland, Australia
  44. Sunrise Project, International
  45. Urgewald, Germany
  46. Voices for Interactive Choice and Empowerment (VOICE), Bangladesh
  47. Youth Group on Protection of Environment (YGPE), Tajikistan

Extension of PPA with Bhola Quick Rental Power Plant is Unnecessary and Suicidal

 


The Government has decided to extend Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with Venture Energy Resources Limited, (Bangladesh) for next 2 years (2020-2022) to supply electricity from Bhola 35.5 MW Quick Rental Power Plant (NewAge, 9 Oct 2020). This decision is totally contradictory with the earlier decision of the Government. The State Minister for the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources told that the Government will phase out all rental power plants by 2021 (Business Post, 27 June 2020). 

The country is already experiencing overcapacity and has to pay around 1.2 billion US dollar every year as Capacity Charge of the private power plants. Rental Power Plants (including Quick Rental) are taking one-third of the money (NewAge, 4 June 2020). 

Bhola is the only island-district of Bangladesh. The island already has two power plants i.e. state-owned Bhola 220 MW Gas Based Power Plant and Aggreko 90 MW Gas-Based Rental Power Plant. These power plants evacuate electricity through Bhola-Patuakhali 33 kV submarine line, the only connection to the national grid. The total population of Bhola District is 2,037,201 and 200 MW is enough to cover 100% people of the island district. Besides, the district could get electricity from the Payra area in an emergency. 

After the latest decision, the Government has to pay BDT 1479.50 million (USD 17.83 million) per year for only this power plant, as estimated. It is to mention that the power plant got an extension in 2018 to supply power at a rate of BDT 3.48 per kWh (UNB, 6 Feb 2018) but the company received BDT 3.65 per kWh in the same period and got BDT 683.93 Million (USD 8.24 Million) as Capacity Charge in addition to the price of gas, evacuation charge and rent of the land which were paid by the government as compensation. 

If the power plant generates 114.71 gWh electricity like 2018-19, the Government will have to pay BDT 321.18 million (USD 3.87 Million) as capacity charge at a rate of BDT 2.8 per kWh. In addition to that, the government will have to pay USD 161.1 million for power transmission, land rent and the price of fossil gas from Shahbazpur Gas Field and transmission charge of Sundarban Gas Company Limited (SGCL). 

One of the conglomerates of Bangladesh, Sinha Group (owner of Medlar Group and Opex Group also) is the owner of this power company along with other power companies like Sinha Power Generation Company Limited, Sinha Peoples Energy Limited, Sinha Energy Limited and EQ Capital Energy Bangladesh Limited which have several Gas and liquid fuel-based Rental and Quick Rental Power Plants.

Statement on Consideration of TEPCO as Consultant of PSMP 2021

  • H.E. Mr. Motegi Toshimitsu, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Japan
  • H.E. M A Mannan, Minister, Ministry of Planning, Bangladesh
  • H.E. A H M Mustafa Kamal, Minister, Ministry of Finance, Bangladesh
  • H.E. Nasrul Hamid, State Minister, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Bangladesh
  • H.E. Saber Hossain Chowdhury, Chair, Parliamentary Standing Committee on the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Bangladesh National Parliament
  • H.E. Mohammad Hossain, Director General, Power Cell, Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Bangladesh
  • Mr. Shinichi Kitaoka, President, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
  • Mr. Tomoaki Kobayakawa, President, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Incorporated (TEPCO)
  • Mr. Shotaro Ogawara, CEO, Tokyo Electric Power Services Co., Ltd. (TEPSCO)

Our heartfelt thanks for taking the initiative to review the Power System Master Plan (PSMP) 2016 which was last revised in 2018. Experts in the power sector have said the growth of power demand as projected in the Revised PSMP 2016 is too high and therefore impractical [1] and it is time to revisit the plan[2].

Tokyo Electric Power Services Company Limited (TEPSCO), a subsidiary of Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) [3] had been appointed to prepare the Power System Master Plan 2010 [4] for the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources (MOPEMR) of Bangladesh. It is pertinent to mention that TEPCO is the owner and operator of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, which after the severe accident on 11 March 2011 was convicted for ‘betrayal of the nation’s right to be safe from nuclear accidents’, despite previous warning [5].

The projection of national electricity demand by 2030 as projected by TEPCO in the PSMP 2010 was too high (38,685 MW) [6] and emphasized massively on coal (50%) [7]. The PSMP was revised in 2016 also by TEPCO [8] admitting that PSMP 2010 was impractical [9] and a new target of total installed capacity brought down at 31,000 MW by 2030 and 57,000 MW by 2041 with more dependency on coal (55%) was given [10]. The PSMP 2016 was revisited again in 2018 in accordance with the Vision 2041 document [11] and a further higher target of generating 41,890 MW by 2030 and 82,292 MW by 2041 where 40% and 32% will be contributed by coal [12] by 2030 and 2041 respectively was set [13].

TEPCO has serious conflict of interest issues in Bangladesh. After formulation of PSMP 2010, it had started work as EIA and Engineering Consultant for the Matarbari 600X2 MW Coal Fired Power Plant and Associated Facilities [14] and the Anowara-Matarbari 400 kV Transmission Line Project. It is also a front-runner candidate as EIA and Engineering Consultant for the Matarbari Kohelia Coal Power Plant. TEPCO has also joined in implementing the Expansion of Haripur Power Plant, Power Sector Capacity Building and constructing an underground substation for Dhaka Electric Supply Company Limited (DESCO) [15].
Moreover, the price of renewables has been consistently decreasing since the last decade [16]. According to a recent study, Bangladesh has the capacity of generating 156,000 MW electricity from Solar Photovoltaic and another 150,000 MW from wind [17] at a cost which is lower than new coal power plants [18]. However, TEPCO estimated only 10% power from renewables by 2030 in PSMP 2010 [19], 7% by 2041 in PSMP 2016 [20] and only 3.8% by 2041 in the Revised PSMP 2016 [21], although the Government of Bangladesh committed to ensure at least 10% power from renewable sources by 2021 [22]. So, it is clear that options of renewable sources were intentionally ignored by TEPCO during formulation of PSMP as they operate only 7.0 MW of Solar and 18.37 MW of Wind Power while 36,995.0 MW from fossil fuel and 17,308 from Nuclear [23].

After revising PSMP 2016 in 2018, TEPCO has changed its business model in Bangladesh and started intervening through JERA, one of its subsidiaries. In September 2019, JERA took 49% of the equity share in the Reliance Meghnaghat Combined Cycle Power Plant [24]. After a month, JERA also acquired 22% of the outstanding shares of Summit Power International Limited (SPIL) in October 2019 [25] to maximize its profit from the fossil fuel market in Bangladesh. JERA also has signed a Master Sale and Purchase Agreement (MPSA) with Rupantarita Prakritik Gas Company Ltd. (RPGCL) to sell LNG to the Bangladesh Government [26]. 

The above show that the TEPCO intentionally forced the PSMP to reflect an excessive dependency on fossil fuels, especially coal and LNG in order to further it’s business after massive losses post the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster [27].
 
Hence, we demand that:
  • Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) must be dropped from consideration as Consultant for review of the Power System Master Plan (PSMP) of Bangladesh to ensure impartiality of the plan.
  • All approved and under construction Coal-fired Power Projects be cancelled, in line with the statement made by the Hon’ble State Minister for Power of Bangladesh on 24 June 2020 [28].
  • The target of 100 percent renewable by 2050 be incorporated in the PSMP, keeping to the recommendation of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Environment, Forest and Climate Change Ministry on 26 July 2020 [29]. 
 

Hasan Mehedi 
Member Secretary, Bangladesh Working Group on External Debt (BWGED) 

 

Signed by
--------------------------
  • Aamra Ek Sachetan Prayas Forum, India
  • Aid Organization, Bangladesh
  • Aksi Ekologi & Emansipasi Rakyat (AEER), Indonesia
  • Arjon Foundation, Bangladesh
  • Asian People’s Movement on Debt and Development (APMDD)
  • Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA), Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh Model Youth Parliament, Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh Poribesh Andolan (BAPA), Bangladesh
  • Bharat Jan Vigyan Katha (BJVK), India
  • Campaign for Good Governance (SUPRO), Bangladesh
  • Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL), Bangladesh
  • Center for Environment and Participatory Research (CEPR), Bangladesh
  • Center for Participatory Research and Development (CPRD), Bangladesh
  • Change Initiative, Bangladesh
  • CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network), Bangladesh
  • Committee for the Abolition of Third World Debt (CADTM), India
  • Democratic Budget Movement (DBM), Bangladesh
  • Dhaatri Resource Centre, India
  • Environics Trust, India
  • Friends of the Earth Japan
  • Green South Foundation, Thailand
  • Growthwatch, India
  • International Accountability Project (IAP), USA
  • INSAF (Indian Social Action Forum), India
  • ISDE Bangladesh
  • Japan Center for a Sustainable Environment and Society (JACSES), Japan
  • Kothowain (Vulnerable Peoples Development Organization), Bangladesh
  • Land and Nature Safeguard Platform (LNSP), Bangladesh
  • Lawyers for Energy and Environment Rights (LEER), Bangladesh
  • Mangrove Action Project (MAP), USA
  • Mekong Watch, Japan
  • Movement for Advancing Understanding on Sustainability and Mutuality, India
  • Nadi Ghati Morcha, India
  • Nagorik Sanghati, Bangladesh
  • Nagorik Uddyog (Citizens Initiative), Bangladesh
  • NGO Forum on ADB, International
  • Oil Change International, United States
  • Paribartan-Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • Participatory Research Action Network (PRAN), Bangladesh
  • Prantojon Trust, Bangladesh
  • Recourse, The Netherlands
  • Riverine People, Bangladesh
  • Safety and Rights Society (SRS), Bangladesh
  • Snehakunja Trust, India
  • Social Economic Development Society (SEDS), Bangladesh
  • Songshoptaque, Bangladesh
  • SPEED Trust, Bangladesh
  • Thepha Anti-Coal Network, Thailand
  • Urgewald, Germany
  • VOICE (Voices for Interactive Choice and Empowerment), Bangladesh
  • Waterkeepers Bangladesh 

 

Endnotes
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  1. Patwary, A.K.M.A. (2020). The need for policy reforms and energy security. The Daily Independent, Dhaka: 14 July 2020. Retrieved from http://www.theindependentbd.com/post/250122 accessed on 27 July 2020
  2. Rahman, M. (2020). "Do we have over capacity for power generation?". The Financial Express, Dhaka: 3 July 2020. Retrieved from https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/views/views/do-we-have-over-capacity-for-power-generation-1593791785 accessed on 28 July 2020
  3. TEPCO (undated). "Bangladesh Power Supply Master Plan Project". Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings Limited (TEPCO), Tokyo. Retrieved from https://www.tepco.co.jp/en/hd/ourbusiness/consulting/bangladesh-e.html accessed on 28 July 2020
  4. Power Division (2010). Power System Master Plan 2010: Final Report. Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources (MOPEMR), Dhaka: February 2011 retrieved from https://policy.asiapacificenergy.org/sites/default/files/PSMP2010_reduced.pdf accessed on 26 July 2020
  5. Kurokawa, K. et al. (2012). The Official Report of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission. The National Diet of Japan, Tokyo: 5 July 2012. Retrieved from https://www.nirs.org/wp-content/uploads/fukushima/naiic_report.pdf accessed on 27 July 2020
  6. Power Division (2010). ibid. p 8-29
  7. Power Division (2010). ibid. p 8-38
  8. https://libopac.jica.go.jp/images/report/P1000029618.html
  9. Power Division (2016). Power System Master Plan 2016: Summary. Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources (MOPEMR), Dhaka: September 2016. p 1-21. Retrieved from https://powerdivision.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/powerdivision.portal.gov.bd/page/4f81bf4d_1180_4c53_b27c_8fa0eb11e2c1/(E)_FR_PSMP2016_Summary_revised.pdf accessed on 27 July 2020
  10. Power Division (2016). ibid. p 1-50
  11. Power Division (2018). Revisiting PSMP 2016. Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources (MOPEMR), Dhaka: November 2018. Retrieved from https://powerdivision.portal.gov.bd/sites/default/files/files/powerdivision.portal.gov.bd/page/4f81bf4d_1180_4c53_b27c_8fa0eb11e2c1/Revisiting%20PSMP2016%20%28full%20report%29_signed.pdf accessed on 28 July 2020
  12. Power Division (2018). ibid. Pp 25-26
  13. Power Division (2018). ibid. p 46
  14. JICA (2013). Report on Environmental Impact Assessment of Construction of Matarbari 600X2 MW Coal Fired Power Plant and Associated Facilities. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Tokyo: June 2013. Retrieved from https://libportal.jica.go.jp/library/Data/DocforEnvironment/EIA-EPC/EastAsia-SouthwesternAsian/ChittagongACFPPDP/BCEIA.pdf accessed on 28 July 2020
  15. TEPSCO (2019). TEPSCO Enters into Consulting Agreement Pertaining to the Construction of Kawranbazar Underground Substation in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Tokyo Electric Power Services Company Limited, Tokyo: 26 March 2019. Retrieved from https://www.tepco.co.jp/en/pg/newsroom/press/archives/2019/190326-e.html accessed on 28 July 2020
  16. Dudley, D. (2018). "Renewable Energy will be Consistently Cheaper than Fossil Fuels by 2020, Report Claims". Forbes, Jersey City: 13 January 2018. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/dominicdudley/2018/01/13/renewable-energy-cost-effective-fossil-fuels-2020/#5b9ce3aa4ff2 accessed on 28 July 2020
  17. Teske, S., Morris, T. & Nagrath, K. (2019). 100% Renewable Energy for Bangladesh - Access to Renewable Energy for all within One Generation. Report prepared by Institute for Sustainable Future (ISF) for Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), Bangladesh; Bread for the World, Germany and World Future Council, Germany: June 2019. Retrieved from https://www.worldfuturecouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/100-Renewable-Energy-for-Bangladesh.pdf accessed on 4 June 2020
  18. Huq, S. & Kammen, D.M. (2018). The Superior Choice: Bangladesh and India should build Solar Farms, not Coal Plants, on both sides of the Border. The Daily Star, Dhaka: 15 February 2018. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/opinion/environment/the-superior-choice-1534639 accessed on 28 May 2020
  19. Power Division (2010). ibid. p 6-6
  20. Power Division (2016). ibid. p 1-62
  21. Power Division (2018). ibid. p 58
  22. Power Division (2018). ibid. p 57
  23. TEPCO Renewable Power Incorporated: https://www.tepco.co.jp/en/rp/index-e.html
  24. JERA (2019). "JERA to Participate in a New Gas-fired Thermal Power Generation Project in Bangladesh". Japan's Energy for A New Era (JERA), Tokyo: 3 September 2019. Retrieved from https://www.jera.co.jp/english/information/20190903_389 accessed on 28 July 2020
  25. JERA (2019). JERA Invests in Bangladesh's Largest Independent Power Producer. Japan's Energy for A New Era (JERA), Tokyo: 7 October 2019. Retrieved from https://www.jera.co.jp/english/information/20191007_403 accessed on 28 July 2020
  26. HSNW (2020). Bangladesh eyes spot LNG imports in diversification drive". Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide (HSNW): 24 March 2020. Retrieved from https://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/bangladesh-eyes-spot-lng-imports-in-diversification-drive/ accessed on 28 July 2020
  27. Reuters (2011). "Tepco may face $23.6 billion compensation costs: JP Morgan". Reuters, London: 12 April 2011. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-japan-tepco-compensation-r/tepco-may-face-23-6-billion-compensation-costs-jp-morgan-idUSTRE73A8BH20110411 accessed on 28 July 2020
  28. Financial Express (2020). "Speakers at CPD dialogue: ‘Reduce dependency on expensive power plants". The Financial Express, Dhaka: 24 June 2020. Retrieved from https://thefinancialexpress.com.bd/national/reduce-dependency-on-expensive-power-plants-1593013880 accessed on 28 July 2020
  29. Daily NewAge (2020). "JS Body for Reviving forests as per CS survey". Daily NewAge, Dhaka: 26 July 2020. Retrieved from https://www.newagebd.net/article/112201/js-body-for-reviving-forests-as-per-cs-survey accessed on 28 July 2020